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Omaha Poker Rules

Omaha Poker Rules
2009/10/20

Omaha High

Omaha High Poker is one of the most popular poker games in the World. Although it is mostly played in Europe and North America, Omaha High is becoming more and more popular in the other parts as well. Omaha poker rules are almost the same as those of Texas Hold'em with with the only and yet very important exception – instead of two hole cards, each player receives four. And this actually brings significant changes to the game.

However, the players must ONLY use the two of their four cards and three of the community cards. For example, if the player receives AAAA with KK 10 8 7 on the board it does not mean that the player has four of a kind, the actual player's hand is two pair – aces and kings. If three of the player's cards are suited they may only use two of them to make a flush etc.

Unlike Texas Hold'em which may be played as a no-limit, pot-limit and fixed limit game, Omaha High is usually played as a pot-limit game. The betting rounds, flop and all the other card-dealing procedures are the same as those of Texas Hold'em.

No-limit, Pot-Limit and Fixed Limit Omaha

Omaha can be played in all the three limit variations, but only two of them – Pot-Limit and Fixed Limit – are actually common in both live and online poker. It may also be played as a No-Limit game, but it is rather rare and unusual.

The Omaha game rules and strategy require the stakes to have at least some limits in order for the game to have order and make sense. In other words, Omaha is so full of action that No-Limit play would make the game almost impossible to follow the necessary poker game routine. Therefore the most common limit structure in Omaha poker games is Pot-Limit.

Pot-Limit Omaha

It was just recently that Pot-Limit Omaha became popular, however despite this fact it is now the second most popular poker game both live and online. So it comes as no surprise that the amount of online poker players involved in high-stakes Omaha play is rapidly increasing.

• The bets in Omaha games are made clockwise from the dealer with small blind and big blind made by the players on the dealer's left. The player on the big blind's left being at the early and most dangerous position, starts the betting round.

• They might call the big blind, raise the bet or fold.

• The minimum bet which has to be made to remain in the game is the big blind, no matter what is the player's position at the table, with the condition that the previous player did not raise.

• In order to make the highest possible bet one has to count all the funds already in the pot and all the bets on the table, including the calls made pre-raise. 

Examples

1. The player is the first to make the bet after the flop with $15 in the pot. There are two possible steps to take – check or bet. The bet may start with the big blind and increase up to the full amount of the pot ($15). Any bet made within these boundaries is right.

2. The player is the second to act in the Omaha game after the flop with $15 in the pot. The first player makes the $10 raise leaving the second player with three possible options – fold, call $10 or raise. The minimum raise must be done according to the previous bet. In this case it must be $10 ($10 + $10 making a total of $20).

The maximum bet would be equal to the amount already submitted to the pot: the pot + the bet + your call ($15 + $10 + $10 = $35). The player is allowed to bet this amount in addition to their call, which make the total bet of $45 ($10 call + $35 pot).


The bet can be equal to any amount within the boundaries of minimum and maximum raise.

The buy-in into the Omaha game usually starts with 20 big blinds and goes up to 100 BB's.

Limit Omaha

In Limit Omaha poker games the limits have strict boundaries.

The size of the game depends on the stake size. For example, a $4/$8 Limit Omaha game would contain a $4 small stake and $8 high stake, the blinds would be $2 and $4.

The players take their turns just like in any other poker game with blinds posted by the players on the button's left and the rest going clockwise.

Pre-flop the bets are increasing by the amount of the small stake. In case when small stake equals $4 the bet would be $4, the raise - $8.

On turn and on the river, the bets increase by the big stake. In case when big stake equals $8 the bet would be $8, the raise - $16.

The betting system in Limit Omaha also has restrictions on the number of raises allowed during the betting round. Most of the games allow one bet and three raises, whereas some of the poker rooms allow as much as four raises.
 
 
 
 
 

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